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Issue 1: Introduction to Traditional Chinese Medicine


Welcome to our health column. In this issue, we will introduce you to the basics of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), a discipline rich in medical knowledge with a history spanning thousands of years, embodying the wisdom of ancient Chinese people. This issue will explore the origins of TCM, its fundamental concepts, and its comparison with Western medicine.


1. The History and Development of TCM TCM has its roots in antiquity, with its theories and practices gradually forming and evolving through extensive medical activities over time. The "Huangdi Neijing" (The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Medicine) is a seminal text that remains central to TCM education today. Over the centuries, TCM has gained recognition and acceptance globally and is now used in many countries worldwide to treat various ailments.


2. Fundamental Concepts of TCM The core concepts of TCM are "holism" and "treatment based on pattern differentiation":

  • Holism: TCM views the human body as an integrated whole, where each organ and system are interconnected and influence one another. Thus, treatment considers the condition of the entire body, not just isolated parts.

  • Treatment based on pattern differentiation: This is the fundamental approach in TCM for diagnosis and treatment, involving the observation of a patient’s overall symptoms and signs to determine the cause and treatment strategy. This method emphasizes individual differences, tailoring personalized treatment plans based on the specific conditions of the patient.


3. Comparison between TCM and Western Medicine TCM and Western medicine differ in their theoretical foundations, diagnostic methods, and treatment strategies:

  • Theoretical Foundation: Western medicine focuses on anatomy and biochemistry, whereas TCM emphasizes energy balance and the theory of the five elements.

  • Diagnostic Methods: Western medicine relies primarily on instruments and laboratory tests for diagnosis, while TCM prioritizes traditional diagnostic methods such as inspection, auscultation and olfaction, inquiry, and pulse-taking.

  • Treatment Strategies: Western medicine commonly uses drugs and surgery, while TCM employs a variety of methods including herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage, and dietary therapy.


We hope this introduction gives you a basic understanding of TCM and its unique value as a treatment method. In the upcoming issues, we will delve deeper into various aspects of TCM, including the theories of Yin-Yang and the Five Elements, the meridian system, and Chinese pharmacology. We look forward to your continued interest!

We welcome your feedback and suggestions as we explore the secrets of health together.

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